Literature on Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Literature on Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843)

Aarnio, K. and Bonsdorff, E. 1997. Passing the gut of juvenile flounder, Platichthys flesus: differential survival of zoobenthic prey species. Marine Biology 129: 11-14.Adams, L.E. 1893. A theory as to the possible introduction of Hydrobia (Paludestrina) jenkinsi. Journal of Conchology 7: 148-150.

Alonso, A. and Castro-Diez, P. 2008. What explains the invading success of the aquatic mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae, Mollusca)? Hydrobiologia 614: 107-116.

Barnes, R.S.K. 2005. Interspecific competition and rarity in mudsnails: feeding interactions between and within Hydrobia acuta neglecta and sympatric Hydrobia species. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 15: 485-493.

Bersine, K., Brenneis, V.E.F., Draheim, R.C., Rub, A.M.W., Zamon, J.E., Litton, R.K., Hinton, S.A., Sytsma, M.D., Cordell, J.R. and Chapman, J.W. 2008. Distribution of the invasive New Zealand mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) in the Columbia River Estuary and its first recorded occurrence in the diet of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Biological Invasions 10: 1381-1388.

Bick, A. and Zettler, M.L. 1994. The distribution of hydrobiids and the effects of sediment characteristics on the population dynamics of Hydrobia ventrosa in a coastal region of the southern Baltic. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 79: 325-336.

Blandford, P. and Little, C. 1983. Salinity detection by Hydrobia ulvae (Pennant) and Potamopyrgus jenkinsi Smith (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 68: 25-38.

Bondesen, P. and Kaiser, E.W. 1949. Hydrobia (Potamopyrgus) jenkinsi Smith in Denmark illustrated by its ecology. Oikos 1(2): 252-281.

Brattegard, T. and Holthe, T. 1997. Distribution of marine, benthic macro-organisms in Norway. Utredning for Direktoratet for naturforvaltning, Trondheim, 380 pp.

Carlsson, R. 2000. The distribution of the gastropods Theodoxus fluviatilis (L.) and Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) in lakes on the Åland Islands, southwestern Finland. Boreal Environmental Research 5: 187-195.

Čejka, T., Dvořák, L. and Košel, V. 2008. Present distribution of Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Slovac Republic. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 7: 21-25.

Crosier, D.M. and Molloy, D.P. [no date] New Zealand Mudsnail – Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Available at accessed 3. March 2015)

Davidson, T.M., Brenneis, V.E.F., de Rivera, C., Draheim, R. and Gillespie, G.E. 2008. Northern range expansion and coastal occurrences of the New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) in the northeast Pacific. Aquatic Invasions 3(3): 349-353.

Duft, M., Schulte-Oehlmann, U., Tillmann, M., Markert, B. and Oehlmann, J. 2003a. Toxicity of triphenyltin and tributyltin to the freshwater mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum in a new sediment biotest. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22(1): 145-152.

Duft, M., Schulte-Oehlmann, U., Weltje, L., Tillmann, M. and Oehlmann, J. 2003b. Stimulated embryo production as a parameter of estrogenic exposure via sediments in the freshwater mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Aquatic Toxicology 64: 437-449.

Dussart, G.B.J. 1977. The ecology of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith) in North West England with a note on Marstoniopsis scholtzi (Schmidt). Journal of Molluscan Studies 43: 208-216.

Dybdahl, M.F. and Kane, S.L. 2005. Adaptation vs. phenotypic plasticity in the success of a clonal invader. Ecology 86(6): 1592-1601.

Dybdahl, M.F. and Lively, C.M. 1995. Diverse, endemic and polyphyletic clones in mixed populations of a freshwater snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 8: 385-398.

Falniowski, A. 1979. A male of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith, 1889) in Poland. Basteria 43: 109-111.

Fenchel, T. 1975a. Factors determining the distribution patterns of mud snails (Hydrobiidae). Oecologia 20: 1-17.

Fenchel, T. 1975b. Character displacement and coexistence in mud snails (Hydrobiidae). Oecologia 20: 19-32.

Foltz, D.W., Ochman, H., Jones, J.S. and Selander, R.K. 1984. Genetic heterogeneity within and among morphological types of the parthenogenetic snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Smith, 1889). Journal of Molluscan Studies 50: 242-245.

Forbes, V.E., Møller, V. and Depledge, M.H. 1995. Intrapopulation variability in sublethal response to heavy metal stress in sexual and asxual gastropod populations. Functional Ecology 9: 477-484.

Forbes, V.E. and Forbes, T.L. 1997. Dietary absorbtion of sediment-bound fluoranthene by a deposit-feeding gastropod using the 14C:51Cr dual-labelling method. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16(5): 1002-1009.

Fox, J.A., Dybdahl, M.F., Jokela, J. and Lively, C.M. 1996. Genetic structure of coexisting sexual and clonal subpopulations in a freshwater snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). Evolution 50(4): 1541-1548.

Fretter, V. and Graham, A. 1994. British Prosobranch Molluscs. Revised and updated edition. London: Ray Society, 820pp

Fromme, A.E. and Dybdahl, M.F. 2006. Resistance in introduced populations of a freshwater snail to native range parasites. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 1948-1955.

Gederaas, L., Salvesen, I. and Viken, Å. (Eds.) 2007. Norst svarteliste 2007 – Økologiske risikovurderinger av fremmede arter. Norwegian Black List – Ecological Risk Analysis of Alien Species.

Gérard, C. and Lannic, J.L. 2003. Establishment of a new host-parasite association between the introduced invasive species Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Smith) (Gastropoda) and Sanguinicola sp. Plehn (Trematoda) in Europe. Journal of Zoology, London 261: 213-216.

Gérard, C., Blanc, A. and Costil, K. 2003. Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Mollusca: Hydrobiidae) in continental aquatic gastropod communities: impact of salinity and trematode parasitism. Hydrobiologia 493: 167-172.

Haase, M. 2003. Clinal variation in shell morphology of the freshwater gastropod Potamopyrgus antopodarum along two hill-country streams in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 33(2): 549-560.

Haase, M. 2008. The radiation of hydrobiid gastropods in New Zealand: a revision including the description of new species based on morphology and mtDNA sequence information. Systematics and Biodiversity 6(1): 99-159.

Hauser, L., Carvalho, G.R., Hughes, R.N. and Carter, R.E. 1992. Clonal structure of the introduced freshwater snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae), as revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 249(1): 19-25.

Heywood, J. and Edwards, R.W. 1962. Some aspects of the ecology of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi Smith. Journal of Animal Ecology 31: 239-250.

Hubendick, B. 1950. The effectiveness of passive dispersal in Hydrobia jenkinsi. Zoologiska Bidrag Uppsala 28: 493-504.

Hughes, R.N. 1996. Evolutionary ecology of parthenogenetic strains of the prosobranch snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) (= P. jenkinsi (Smith)). In: Molluscan Reproduction. Malacological Review, Supplement 6: 101-113.

Hylleberg, J. 1979. Dyndsnegle i salt- og brakvand. Kaskelot 41: 18-25.

Hylleberg, J. and Siegismund, H.R. 1987. Niche overlap in mud snails (Hydrobiidae): freezing tolerance. Marine Biology 94: 403-407.

Irikov. A.A. and Georgiev, D.G. 2008. The New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) – a new invader species in the Bulgarian fauna. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 60(2): 205-207.

Jacobsen, R. and Forbes, V.E. 1997. Clonal variation in life-history traits and feeding rates in the gastropod, Potamopyrgus antipodarum: performance across a salinity gradient. Functional Ecology 11: 260-267.

Jacobsen, R., Forbes, V.E. and Skovgaard, O. 1996. Genetic population structure of the prosobranch snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) in Denmark using PCR-RAPD fingerprints. Proceedings of the Royal Siciety of London B 263: 1065-1070.

Jensen, A. and Forbes, V.E. 2001. Interclonal variation in the acute and delayed toxicity of cadmium to the European prosobranch gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40: 230-235.

Jensen, A., Forbes, V.E. and Parker, E.D. 2001. Variation in cadmium uptake, feeding rate, and life-history effects in the gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum: Linking toxicant effects on individuals to the population level. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20(11): 2503-2513.

Jensen, K.R. and Knudsen, J. 2005. A summary of alien marine benthic invertebrates in Danish waters. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 34, Supplement 1: 137-162.

Jokela, J., Dybdahl, M.F. and Lively, C.M. 1999. Habitat-specific variation in life-history traits, clonal population structure and parasitism in a freshwater snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 12: 350-360.

Jokela, J., Dybdahl, M.F. and Lively, C.M. 2009. The maintenance of sex, clonal dynamics, and host-parasite coevolution in mixed population of sexual and asexual snails. The American Naturalist 174 (Suppl. 1): S43-S53.

Jokela, J., Lively, C.M., Dybdahl, M.F. and Fox, J.A. 1997. Evidence for a cost of sex in the freshwater snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Ecology 78(2): 452-460.

Jokela, J., Lively, C.M., Taskinen, J. and Peters, A.D. 1999. Effect of starvation on parasite-induced mortality in a freshwater snail (Potamoyrgus antipodarum). Oecologia 119: 320-325.

Kerans, B.L., Dybdahl, M.F., Gangloff, M.M. and Jannot, J.E. 2005. Potamopyrgus antipodarum: distribution, density, and effects on native macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24(1): 123-138.

Kipp, R.M. 2007. Potamopyrgus antipodarum Gray, 1843. GLANSIS Fact sheet.

Lance, E., Bugajny, E., Bormans, M. and Gérard, C. 2008. Consumption of toxic cyanobacteria by Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia) and consequences on life traits and microcystin accumulation. Harmful Algae 7: 464-472.

Lassen, H.H. 1978a. Potamopyrgus jenkinsi i Jylland. Udbredelse, spredning og kolonisering. Flora og Fauna 84: 73-79.

Lassen, H.H. 1978b. The migration potential of freshwater snails exemplified by the dispersal of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi. Natura Jutlandica 20: 237-242.

Lassen, H.H. 1979. Reproductive effort in Danish mudsnails (Hydrobiidae). Oecologia 40: 365-369.

Levry, E.P. 1998. Perceived predation risk, parasitism, and the foraging behavior of a freshwater snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 1878-1884.

Lively, C.M. 1992. Parthenogenesis in a freshwater snail: Reproductive assurance versus parasitic release. Evolution 46(4): 907-913.

Lively, C.M. 2001. Trematode infection and the distribution and dynamics of parthenogenetic snail populations. Parasitology 123: S19-S26.

Lively, C.M. and Johnson, S.G. 1994. Brooding and the evolution of parthenogenesis: strategy models and evidence from aquatic invertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 256: 89-95.

Lively, C.M. and Jokela, J. 2002. Temporal and spatial distributions of parasites and sex in a freshwater snail. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4: 219-226.

Loo, S.E., Keller, R.P. and Leung, B. 2007. Freshwater invasions: using historical data to analyse spread. Diversity and Distributions 13: 23-32.

Lumbye, J. 1958. The oxygen consumption of Theodoxus fluviatilis (L.) and Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith) in brackish and fresh water. Hydrobiologia 10: 245-262.

Lumbye, J. and Lumbye, L.E. 1965. The oxygen consumption of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith). Hydrobiologia 25(3-4): 489-500.

McArthur, C.P. and Featherston, D.W. 1976. Suppression of egg production in Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) by larval trematodes. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 3: 35-38.

Miljøministeriet 2009. Handlingsplan for invasive arter. 54 pp. Available at (last accessed on 4. March 2015)

Møller, V., Forbes, V.E. and Depledge, M.H. 1994. Influence of acclimation and exposure temperature on the acute toxicity of cadmium to the freshwater snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13(9): 1519-1524.

Morley, N.J. 2008. The role of the invasive snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum in the transmission of trematode parasites in Europe and its implication for ecotoxicological studies. Aquatic Sciences 70: 107-114.

Muus, B.J. 1963. Some Danish Hydrobiidae with the description of a new species, Hydrobia neglecta. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 35: 131-138.

Naser, M.D. and Son, M.O. 2009. First record of the New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) from Iraq: the start of expansion to Western Asia? Aquatic Invasions 4(2): 369-372.

Nehring, S. and Leuchs, H. 1999. Neozoa (Makrozoobenthos) an der deutschen Nordseeküste – Eine Übersicht. Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde, Koblenz, Bereicht BfG-1200: 131pp.

Neiman, M. 2006. Embryo production in a parthenogenetic snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) is negatively affected by the presence of other parthenogenetic females. Invertebrate Biology 125(1): 45-50.

Neiman, M. and Lively, C.M. 2004. Pleistocene glaciation is implicated in the phylogeographical structure of Potamopyrgus antipodarum, a New Zealand snail. Molecular Ecology 13: 3085-3098.

Neiman, M. and Lively, C.M. 2005. Male New Zealand mud snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) persist in copulating with asexual and parasitically castrated females. American Midlands Naturalist 154: 88-96.

Neiman, M., Jokela, J. and Lively, C.M. 2005. Variation in asexual lineage age in Potamopyrgus antipodarum, a New Zealand snail. Evolution 59(9): 1945-1952.

Neiman, M., Theisen, K.M., Mayry, M.E. and Kay, A.D. 2009. Can phosphorus limitation contribute to the maintenance of sex? A test of a key assumption. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 1359-1363.

New Zealand Mudsnail Management and Control Plan Working Group. 2007. National management and control plan for the New Zealand mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). Report to Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, 100pp. Available at on 4. March 2014).

Pedersen, S., Selck, H., Salvito, D. and Forbes, V. 2009. Effects of the polycyclic musk HHCB on individual- and population-level endpoints in Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 72: 1190-1199.

Phillips, N.R. and Lambert, D.M. 1989. Genetics of Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia): evidence for reproductive modes. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 16: 435-445.

Ponder, W.F. 1988. Potamopyrgus antipodarum: a molluscan coloniser of Europe and Australia. Journal of Molluscan Studies 54: 271-285.

Radea, C., Louvrou, I. and Economou-Amilli, A. 2008. First record of the New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum J.E. Gray 1843 (Mollusca: Hydrobiidae) in Greece – Notes on its population structure and associated microalgae. Aquatic Invasions 3(3): 341-344.

Sanderson, A.R. 1940. Maturation in the parthenogenetic snail, Potamopyrgus jenkinsi Smith, and in the snail Peringia ulvae (Pennant). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London A 110: 11-15.

Schreiber, E.S.G., Lake, P.S. and Quinn, G.P. 2002. Facilitation of native stream fauna by an invading species? Experimental investigations of the interaction of the snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae) with native benthic fauna. Biological Invasions 4: 317-325.

Siegismund, H.R. and Hylleberg, J. 1987. Dispersal-mediated coexistence of mud snails (Hydrobiidae) in an estuary. Marine Biology 94: 395-402.

Smith, E.A. 1889. Notes on British Hydrobiae with a description of a supposed new species. Journal of Conchology 6: 142-145.

Son, M.O. 2008. Rapid expansion of the New Zealand mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) in the Azov-Black Sea Region. Aquatic Invasions 3(3): 335-340.

Städler, T., Frye, M., Neiman, M. and Lively, C,M. 2005. Mitochondrial haplotypes and the New Zealand origin of clonal European Potamopyrgus, an invasive aquatic snail. Molecular Ecology 14: 2465-2473.

Todd, M.E. 1964. Osmotic balance in Hydrobia ulvae and Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae). Journal of Experimental Biology 41: 665-677.

Vinson, M.R. and Baker, M.A. 2008. Poor growth of rainbow trout fed New Zealand mud snails Potamopyrgus antipodarum. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28: 701-709.

Wagner, M. and Oehlmann, J. in press. Endocrine disruptors in bottled mineral water: total estrogenic burden and migration from plastic bottles. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (DOI 10.1007/s11356-009-0107-7).

Wallace, C. 1978. Notes on the distribution of sex and shell characters in some Australian populations of Potamopyrgus (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae). Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 4(1-2): 71-76.

Wallace, C. 1979. Notes on the occurrence of males in populations of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi. Journal of Molluscan Studies 45: 61-67.

Wallace, C. 1985. On the distribution of the sexes of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith). Journal of Molluscan Studies 51: 290-296.

Wallace, C. 1992. Parthenogenesis, sex and chromosomes in Potamopyrgus. Journal of Molluscan Studies 58: 93-107.

Warwick, T. 1969. Systematics of the genus Potamopyrgus (Hydrobiidae) in Europe, and the causation of the keel in this snail. Proceedings of the third European Malacological Congress. Malacologia 9(1): 301-302.

Weetman, D., Hauser, L. and Carvallo, G.R. 2002. Reconstruction of microsatellite mutation history reveals a strong and consistent deletion bias in invasive clonal snails, Potamopygus antipodarum. Genetics 162: 813-822.

Wilke, T., Rolán, E. and Davis, G.M. 2000. The mudsnail genus Hydrobia s.s. in the northern Atlantic and western Mediterranean: a phylogenetic hypothesis. Marine Biology 137: 827-833.

Winterbourn, M.J. 1970. The New Zealand species of Potamopyrgus (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae). Malacologia 10: 283-321.

Winterbourn, M.J. 1972. Morphological variation of Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith) from England and comparison with the New Zealand species, Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray). Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 40: 133-145.

Zaranko, D.T., Farara, D.G. and Thompson, F.G. 1997. Another exotic mollusc in the Laurentian Great Lakes: the New Zealand native Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray 1843) (Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 809-814.