Paranais frici in Estonia

Species name:Paranais frici
Common names:
Habitats:Estuaries and brackish areas
Time of introduction:1970
Year of first report:1970
Type of introduction:Unintentional
Distribution details:Ponto Caspian
Donor area:
Impact:Decomposition, Resource allocation, Competition, Not known
Last updated02-12-2005 (day-month-year)
Resources: Google image search
  • HELCOM. 2002. Environment of the Baltic Sea area 1994-1998. Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings, 82B. Helsinki. 215 pp.
  • Järvekülg, A., (ed), 1981. Loomade elu 1: Selgrootud I. Valgus, Tallinn. 399 pp.
  • Leppäkoski, E. 2002. Harmful Non-native species in the Baltic Sea - An Ignored Problem. In: Schernewski, G. & Schiewer, U. (eds.). Baltic coastal ecosystems - structure, function and coastal zone management: pp 253-276. Springer, Berlin.
  • Ojaveer, H., Leppäkoski, E., Olenin, S. & Ricciardi, A. 2002. Ecological impact of Ponto-Caspian invaders in the Baltic Sea, European inland waters and the Great Lakes: an inter-ecosystem comparison.
  • Olenin, S., Leppäkoski, E. & Daunys, D. (eds.). Baltic Sea Alien Species Database: Alien species directory. Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipeda Universtity, Klaipeda.
  • Timm, T. 1987. Aquatic oligochaeta of the northwestern part of the USSR. Valgus, Tallinn, 299 pp. (in Russian).
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