Literature Salmo salar

Anon. 2005. Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions - Programme & Abstracts Bergen.

Bardonnet, A., and Baglinière, J. L. 2000. Freshwater habitat of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57:497-506.

Bartel R. 2001. Return of salmon back to Polish waters. Ecohydrol. & Hydrobiol., 1, 3, 377-392.

Bjørn, P. A., and Finstad, B. 2002. Salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer), infestation in sympatric populations of Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), and sea trout, Salmo trutta (L.), in areas near and distant from salmon farms. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59:131-139.

Crozier, W. W. 1998. Incidence of escaped farmed salmon, Salmo salar L., in commercial salmon catches and fresh water in Northern Ireland. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 5:23-29.

Elliott, S. R., Coe, T. A., Helfield, J. M., and Naiman, R. J. 1998. Spatial variation in environmental characteristics of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) rivers. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55 (Suppl. 1):267-280.

Fiske, P. 2004. Sammenstilling av data fra undersøkelser om fiske etter rømt oppdrettslaks (DN's ref. nr. 03040045). Notat, til DN 01.07.2004:1-11.

Fiske, P., Lund, R. A., and Hansen, L. P. 2005a. Identifying fish farm escapees. In: Stock Identification Methods pp. 659-680. Ed. by S. X. Cadrin, K. D. Friedland andJ. R. Waldman)Elsevier Academic Press. Amsterdam:

Fiske, P., Lund, R. A., Østborg, G., Heggberget, T. G., and Thorstad, E. B. 2005b. Rømt oppdrettslaks i Salvassdraget i 2004 - kommer fiskene fra en eller flere rømmingsepisoder. NINA Minirapport, 103:1-9.

Fiske, P., Lund, R. A., Østborg, G. M., and Fløystad, L. 2001. Rømt oppdrettslaks i sjø- og elvefisket i årene 1989-2000. NINA Oppdragsmelding, 704:1-26.

Fleming, I. A., Hindar, K., Mjølnerød, I. B., Jonsson, B., Balstad, T., and Lamberg, A. 2000. Lifetime success and interactions of farmed salmon invading a native population. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 267:1517-1523.

Fleming, I. A., Jonsson, B., Gross, M. R., and Lamberg, A. 1996. An experimental study of the reproductive behaviour and success of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J. Appl. Ecol., 33:893-905.

Friedland, K. D., Hansen, L. P., and Dunkley, D. A. 1998. Marine temperatures experienced by postsmolts and the survival of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in the North Sea area. Fisheries Oceanography, 7:22-34.

Gausen, D., and Moen, V. 1991. Large-scale escapes of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) into Norwegian rivers threaten natural populations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48:426-428.

Gjedrem, T. 1981. Oppdrett av laks og aure. Landbruksforlaget, Oslo

Gjedrem, T., Gjøen, H. M., and Gjerde, B. 1991. Genetic origin of Norwegian farmed Atlantic salmon. Aquaculture, 98:41-50.

Grave, K., and Horsberg, T. E. 2005. Trends in the usage of drugs in Norwegian aquaculture. In: Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions, pp. 28. Bergen 18-21 October 2005: ICES/NASCO.

Gross, M. R. 1998. One species with two biologies: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the wild and in aquaculture. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55 (Supplement 1):131-144.

Gudjonsson, S. 1991. Occurrence of reared salmon in natural salmon rivers in Iceland. Aquaculture, 98:133-142.

Hansen, L. P. 2005. Migration and survival of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) released from two Norwegian fish farms. In: Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions, pp. 16-17. Bergen 18-21 October 2005: ICES/NASCO.

Hansen, L. P. 2006a. Migration and survival of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) released from two Norwegian fish farms. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63:1211-1217.

Hansen, L. P. 2006b. Vandring og spredning av rømt oppdrettslaks. NINA Rapport, 162:1-21.

Hansen, L. P., Fiske, P., Holm, M., Jensen, A. J., and Sægrov, H. 2005. Bestandsstatus for laks i Norge 2004. Rapport fra arbeidsgruppe. Utredning for DN, 2005-4:1-44.

Hansen, L. P., and Jacobsen, J. A. 2000. Distribution and migration of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., in the sea. In: The Ocean Life of Atlantic Salmon pp. 75-87. Ed. by D. Mills)Fishing News Books. Oxford:

Hansen, L. P., Jacobsen, J. A., and Lund, R. A. 1993. High numbers of farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., observed in oceanic waters north of the Faroe Islands. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 24:777-781.

Hansen, L. P., Jacobsen, J. A., and Lund, R. A. 1999. The incidence of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in the Faroese fishery and estimates of catches of wild salmon. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 56:200-206.

Hansen, L. P., and Jonsson, B. 1991. The effect of timing of Atlantic salmon smolt and post-smolt release on the distribution of adult return. Aquaculture, 98:61-67.

Hansen, L. P., Reddin, D. G., and Lund, R. A. 1997. The incidence of reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) of fish farm origin at West Greenland. ICES Journal of Marine Sciences, 54:152-155.

Heggenes, J., Bagliniere, J. L., and Cunjak, R. A. 1999. Spatial niche variability for young Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (S. trutta) in heterogeneous streams. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 8:1-21.

Heuch, P. A., and Moe, T. A. 2001. A model of salmon louse production in Norway: effects of increasing salmon production and public management measures. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 45:145-152.

Hindar, K., Fleming, I. A., McGinnity, P., and Diserud, O. 2005. Genetic and ecological interactions between wild and cultured diadromous fish. In: Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions, pp. 13. Bergen 18-21 October 2005: ICES/NASCO.

Hindar, K., Fleming, I. A., McGinnity, P., and Diserud, O. 2006. The genetic and ecological effects of salmon farming on wild salmon: modelling from experimental results. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63:1234-1247.

Hvidsten, N. A., Heggberget, T. G., and Jensen, A. J. 1998. Sea water temperature at Atlantic salmon smolt enterance. Nordic J. Freshw. Res., 74:79-86.

Jepsen, N,  Nielsen, E.E. & Deacon, M. (2004) Linking individual behaviour to genetic origin. Aquatic telemetry: advances and applications, 45-51. M. T. Spedicato, G. Marmulla, G. Lembo (eds.). FAO – COISPA, Rome.

 Jepsen, N., Deacon, M. & Ejby-Ernst, M. (2003) Laksens gydevandring i Varde Å systemet. DFU-rapport, 125-03.

 Jonsson, N., Hansen, L. P., and Jonsson, B. 1991. Variation in age, size and repeat spawning of adult Atlantic salmon in relation to river discharge. Journal of Animal Ecology, 60:937-947.

Lund, R. A., and Hansen, L. P. 1991. Identification of wild and reared Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., using scale characters. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 22:499-508.

Lund, R. A., Økland, F., and Hansen, L. P. 1991. Farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in fisheries and rivers in Norway. Aquaculture, 98:143-150.

Lura, H., Barlaup, B. T., and Saegrov, H. 1993. Spawning behaviour of a farmed escaped female atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Fish Biology, 42:311-313.

Lura, H., and Sægrov, H. 1991. Documentation of successful spawning of escaped female Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, in Norwegian rivers. Aquaculture, 98:151-159.

Matthews, M. A., Poole, W. R., Thompson, C. E., McKillen, J., Ferguson, A., Hindar, K., and Wheelan, K. F. 2000. Incidence of hybridization between Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., and brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in Ireland. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 7:337-347.

McGinnity, P., Prodöhl, P., Ferguson, A., Hynes, R., Ó Maoiléidigh, N., Baker, N., Cotter, D., O'Hea, B., Cooke, D., Rogan, G., Taggart, J., and Cross, T. 2003. Fitness reduction and potential extinction of wild populations of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, as a result of interactions with escaped farm salmon. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 270:2443-2450.

McGinnity, P., Prodöhl, P., Ó Maoiléidigh, N., Hynes, R., Cotter, D., Baker, N., O'Hea, B., and Ferguson, A. 2004. Differential lifetime success and performance of native and non-native Atlantic salmon examined under communal natural conditions. Journal of Fish Biology, 65 (Supplement A):173-187.

McGinnity, P., Stone, C., Taggart, J. B., Cooke, D., Cotter, D., Hynes, R., McCamley, C., Cross, T., and Ferguson, A. 1997. Genetic impact of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) on native populations: use of DNA profiling to assess freshwater performance of wild, farmed, and hybrid progeny in a natural river environment. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54:998-1008.

Mills, D. 1989. Ecology and management of Atlantic salmon. Chapman & Hall, London

Milner, N. J., and Evans, R. 2003. The incidence of escaped Irish farmed salmon in English and Welsh rivers. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 10:403-406.

Moen, V., and Gausen, D. 1989. Rømt oppdrettsfisk i vassdrag 1988. DN-Rapport-3-1989:1-32.

Saloniemi, I., Jokikokko, E., Kallio-Nyberg, I., Jutila, E., and Pasanen, P. 2004. Survival of reared and wild Atlantic salmon smolts: size matters moire in bad years. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 61:782-787.

Skilbrei, O., Holst, J. C., and Holm, M. 2006. Oppsummering av kunnskapsstatus innen rømming av oppdrettslaks - Tiltak for gjenfangst etter rømming. Havforskningsinstituttet, Rapport i trykk:1-20.

Skaala, Ø., Wennevik, V., and Glover, K. 2005. Temporal genetic stability in Atlantic salmon populations. In: Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions, pp. 19. Bergen 18-21 October 2005: ICES/NASCO.

Syvertsen, H. A., and Vatne, T. 2000. Forsøksfiske etter rømt oppdrettslaks i Nordland. Fylkesmannen i Nordland, Miljøvernavdelingen, Rapport februar 2000:1-17.

Tufto, J. 2001. Effects of releasing maladapted individuals: a demographic-evolutionary model. American Naturalist, 158:331-340.

Valland, A. 2005. The causes and scale of escapes from salmon farming. In: Interactions between aquaculture and wild stocks of Atlantic salmon and other diadromous fish species: science and management, challenges and solutions, pp. 15. Bergen 18-21 October 2005: ICES/NASCO.

Webb, J. H., Youngson, A. F., Thompson, C. E., Hay, D. W., Donaghy, M. J., and McLaren, I. S. 1993. Spawning of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in western and northern Scottish rivers: egg deposition by females. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 24:663-670.

Youngson, A. F., Webb, J. H., Thompson, C. E., and Knox, D. 1993. Spawning of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): hybridization of females with brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 50:1986-1990.